Results & Analyses

The previous pages about Halos & Subhalos and Tracers described mechanisms that are fundamental to the SPARTA framework. In contrast, this page describes two types of components that are meant to be flexible, meaning that

  • they can easily be turned on or off by the user with compiler switches

  • they represent plug-in like structures that can easily be added to the code

  • they provide abstracted routines and data structures that allow SPARTA to be agnostic as to what exactly they do.

In particular, tracer results are modules and the resulting units of information that refer to an individual tracer. Halo analyses are modules and resulting units of information that refer to individual halos. We will discuss the currently implemented instantiations of these types of modules in Results and Analyses.


Here, we briefly discuss their general logic and properties. The schematic above illustrates the main principles based on a few of the module implementations. The gray shaded area represents the halo object in memory and code, whereas the circle represents the physical halo in the simulation.

Tracer results

We use the terms “event”, “tracer result”, and simply “result” interchangeably to mean pieces of information derived from the trajectory of a tracer, as well as the routines that perform those computations. Results are structured as plug-ins, making it easy to add a result to SPARTA (for details, see For developers). Results are turned on and off by compiler switches.

In the schematic above, two results are turned on, they are represented as blue spheres and red squares, respectively (they happen at infall and splashback, but that does not matter here). The result routines scan each tracer’s trajectory at each snapshot. If an event is detected, that result is saved into the result arrays of the respective tracer types (particles and subhalos).

In principle, a tracer can create any number of results, though many events (such as infall and splashback), occur at most once for each tracer in a given halo. Results are stored in separate arrays but carry the ID of their generating tracer so that they can be reconnected to each other later. For example, some results are continuously modified.

Halo analyses

Analyses are pieces of code that is executed on a per-halo basis. The analysis chooses when to act. For example, the halo properties analysis may be called at user-defined redshifts, whereas the splashback radius (Rsp) analysis runs only once at the end of a halo’s life.

Analyses have access to the full information in the halo: the particles within the search radius, the tracer objects, and the stored results. The user can choose which elements are saved to disk at the end of a run. Storing all results might lead to an excessive file size, and the user might choose to only save the results of an analysis instead. This choice would not influence the way the results are computed internally.